Gutierrez, J. D.-S., De Fonseca, F. R., & Rubio, G. (2016). Cell-Phone Addiction: A Review. Frontiers in Psychiatry. https://link-gale-com.aurarialibrary.idm.oclc.org/apps/doc/A467655534/EAIM?u=auraria_main&sid=EAIM&xid=37823ae1
Summary – A review of studies about cell phone addiction. Based on research they found that cell phone abuse is primarily found with young females. The negative effects that it has on personality is extraversion, neuroticism, impulsivity, self-esteem, self-image, and self-identity. It can also have negative effects on one’s sleep, anxiety, stress, and in some cases depression. However, they could not determine if cell phone use is actually an addiction or not but say that they do give rise to problems that increasingly affect daily life.
Keywords – addiction, behavioral addiction, cell-phone addiction, dependence, internet addiction
Thornton, B., Faires, A., Robbins, M., & Rollins, E. (2014). The mere presence of a cell phone may be distracting: Implications for attention and task performance. Social Psychology, 45(6), 479-488. http://dx.doi.org.aurarialibrary.idm.oclc.org/10.1027/1864-9335/a000216
Summary – This journal looks to test that the mere presence of a cell phone and what it represents can be distracting and have a negative affect in social interactions. Further, it can produce a diminished attention and deficits in task performance. Mobile technology indeed does have the potential to expand people’s social connections and maintain or enhance their relationships with friends and family. However, it also has unintended negative consequences for immediate social interactions as its presence serves as a constant reminder of the broader social network that is potentially available. People may often disengage from their present company to attend, either in thought or action, to other people or events elsewhere in cyberspace.
Keywords – cell phone, distraction, attention, performance
ROBERTS, J. A., PETNJI YAYA, L. H., & MANOLIS, C. (2014). The invisible addiction: Cell-phone activities and addiction among male and female college students. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 3(4), 254–265. https://doi.org/10.1556/JBA.3.2014.015
Summary – The aim of this study is to investigate which cell phone activities are associated with addiction. They discovered cell phone addiction is mostly driven by a desire to connect socially. However, the latest technology that, for better or worse, appears to be encouraging people to spend relatively more time with technology and less with fellow humans. They found that this is especially true with young adults and college students. Such a significant part of student life that it is “invisible” and students do not necessarily realize their level of dependence on and/or addiction to their cell-phones. The cell-phone allows us the freedom to gather information, communicate, and socialize. However, cell-phones can lead to dependence and restrictions. Cell-phones have become inextricably woven into our daily lives – an almost invisible driver of modern life.
Keywords – cell-phones, addiction, gender, technology
Whitefield, B. (2019, February 28). Cell phone addiction. UWIRE Text, 1. https://link-gale-com.aurarialibrary.idm.oclc.org/apps/doc/A576301144/AONE?u=auraria_main&sid=AONE&xid=f9d95687
Summary – This article talks about how phones have become a major part of our lives that many feel uneasy and paranoid when they don’t have their phone. This addiction has caused phantom vibration syndrome. When you are constantly thinking about your phone, your body starts to trick you into thinking that you have a notification so that you have an excuse to look at your phone. Those who rely on their phones in social settings can develop social anxiety and even depression when their phone is absent. Phones give people a sense of security in uncomfortable situations.
Sansone, R. A., & Sansone, L. A. (2013). Cell Phones. Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience, 10(1), 33–37. https://www-ncbi-nlm-nih-gov.aurarialibrary.idm.oclc.org/pmc/articles/PMC3579483/
Summary – Cell phones offer historically unique opportunities for maintaining unrestricted and spontaneous contact with others. However, like any other phenomenon, there appear to be some potential psychosocial risks with cell phones. This article explains the psychosocial risks of cell phones. These include stress, sleep disturbance, cyberbullying, and dependency. Understanding the potential psychosocial benefits and limitations of cell phones and their relationships to overall physical and mental health is important in both psychiatric and primary care settings.
Keywords – Addiction, cell phones, cyberbullying, mobile phones, sleep, stress
Roberts, J. A., Pullig, C., & Manolis, C. (2015). I need my smartphone: A hierarchical model of personality and cell-phone addiction. Personality and Individual Differences, 79, 13–19. https://www-sciencedirect-com.aurarialibrary.idm.oclc.org/science/article/pii/S019188695000847
Summary – This study says that it was one of the first to examine the relationship between a full range of personality traits and cell phone addiction. Like other articles they determined that media use has become so much a part of young adults’ lives that many do not realize their level of dependence and/or addiction to their cell phones. Additionally they state that excessive cell phone use can also negatively affect job performance, academic performance, and one’s relationships with family, friends, classmates, and instructors. The most interesting information I found in there study is that those who express feelings of shyness and bashfulness may be less likely to become dependent on their cell phones than their more extraverted counterparts.
Keywords – Personality, Impulsiveness, Cell phone addiction, Technology
Chesley, N. (2005). Blurring Boundaries? Linking Technology Use, Spillover, Individual Distress, and Family Satisfaction. Journal of Marriage and Family, 67(5), 1237–1248. https://onlinelibrary-wiley-com.aurarialibrary.idm.oclc.org/doi/full/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2005.00213.x
Summary – This study looks at the boundaries between technology and family satisfaction. The study shows that these two things are connected. The evidence suggests that technology use may be blurring work/ family boundaries with negative consequences for working people. The results also show that it is communications technology use rather than use of computer-based technologies that is linked to spillover increases.
Cell Phone Addiction: A Rising Epidemic. (2019, July 31). Journal of Pakistan Medical Association, 69(7), 928. Gale Academic OneFile. https://go-gale-com.aurarialibrary.idm.oclc.org/ps/i.do?p=AONE&u=auraria_main&id=GALE|A595001817&v=2.1&it=r&sid=summon
Summary – This article looks at the use of cell phones with mental health. It is estimated that 5.6 billion people own a cell phone. Most users are between the ages of 21 to 30 and are more influenced by cell phones, and make up to 77% of smartphone users. It also talks about how a study linked the use of smartphones to the rise in depression and suicide amongst teenagers in recent years. Their solution is education and figuring out ways to reduce usage.
Allred, R. J., & Atkin, D. (2020). Cell Phone Addiction, Anxiety, and Willingness to Communicate in Face-to-Face Encounters. Communication Reports, 0(0), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/08934215.2020.1780456
Summary – Face-to-face communication is an important aspect of relational development; yet, individuals vary in the degree to which they are willing to communicate, or engage in face-to-face conversations. This study looks at how the Overuse of one’s phone was associated with increased generalized anxiety, which in turn may reduce an individual’s desire to communicate with others face-to-face, causing them to miss out on important relational development opportunities. The fear of missing out prompts the overuse of cell phones because individuals wish to remain available to absent others and stay up-to-date on the lives of friends. Their findings suggest cell phones serve to improve communication with distant others while also posing a potential threat to the quality of communication with co-present others. It makes one think about how individuals should consider how phone use might influence their lives in undesirable ways.
Keywords – addiction, anxiety, cell phones, willingness to communicate
Online off the charts; How cell phone addictions impact relationships. (n.d.). Retrieved
September 23, 2020, from https://advance-lexis-com.aurarialibrary.idm.oclc.org/document/?pdmfid=1516831&crid=e2497db6-8953-452e-b358-246df036c240&pddocfullpath=%2Fshared%2Fdocument%2Fnews%2Furn%3AcontentItem%3A5TKK-RVC1-JC14-8357-00000-00&pdcontentcomponentid=438154&pdteaserkey=sr0&pditab=allpods&ecomp=tzg2k&earg=sr0&prid=50104c16-98d2-4808-b185-e8bbd9f4b1c9
Summary – This article provides some valuable information to start it says that we touch our cellphones at least 47 times a day. As we become more addicted to our phones we fail to notice or savor the world around us. However, this article’s main topic is that perhaps the greatest toll is taken on our relationships. We are losing the art of listening and real-world conversation. We are more connected electronically than ever before yet in many ways seem more alone. It also brings up some good points like “Sometimes disconnecting from technology is the first step to reconnecting with yourself and those who matter most to you” or “No one ever looks back and thinks, “Wish I’d spent more time on my smartphone”.
Keywords – Family, Interpersonal Relationships, Social media
Review the sources and summaries you have written and complete the following:
General topic area
Cell phone addiction and its effects on mental and social health
Refine the general topic area into one or two concise, descriptive words
Write a specific description of the topic area
Cell phone addiction is mostly driven by a desire to connect socially. On average we touch our phones at least 47 times a day. Mobile technology indeed does have the potential to expand people’s social connections and maintain or enhance their relationships with friends and family. The cell-phone allows us the freedom to gather information, communicate, and socialize. That is why phones are such a significant part of young adults lifes that most do not necessarily realize their level of dependence on and/or addiction to their cell-phones.
Write out the specific problem in the topic you are interested in solving
The latest technology that, for better or worse, appears to be encouraging people to spend relatively more time with technology and less time with fellow humans. Missing out on real life and affecting the face to face connections one has to the people who matter the most to you. Taking a toll on our relationships. As we become more addicted to our phones we fail to notice or savor the world around us.
Combine the topic and the problem into a concise sentence or two
Mobile technology indeed does have the potential to expand people’s social connections and maintain or enhance their relationships with friends and family. However, people may often disengage from their present company of events to attend, either in thought or action, to other people or events elsewhere in cyberspace.
Fine-tune your topic’s focus by introducing how you believe design can be used to solve the problem
Motion design can be used to help show and inform college age people the positive and negative effects of cell phone addiction when it comes to social interactions and living in the moment.